Reaction to Grannis ouster

The ouster of Pete Grannis as the state’s environmental conservation commissioner has shocked and outraged green groups.

A former Manhattan assemblyman, Grannis was seen as a friend of the environment long before he was appointed by Governor Eliot Spitzer to head the Department of Environmental Conservation. Grannis’s biography and photo were removed from DEC’s website this morning.

The Albany Times Union reported that Grannis was fired Thursday after the leak of a DEC memo protesting Governor David Paterson’s demand that the department lay off 209 employees by the end of the year.

In the memo, DEC says the department has borne a disproportionate share of earlier budget and staff cuts and warns of “potential serious risks to human health and safety and environmental quality” if the department is forced to go through with the additional cuts. The memo says DEC’s work force would be reduced to 2,926 full-time positions, down from 3,775 in April 2008—a 22 percent decrease.

“Many of our programs are hanging by a thread,” the memo states. “The public would be shocked to learn how thin we are in many areas.”

“We no longer have a general capacity for incremental reductions,” the memo continues. “All the meat has been stripped to the bones, and some of the bones have disappeared.”

Click here to read the entire memo.

It’s expected that the Peter Iwanowicz, the governor’s deputy secretary for the environment, and Stuart Grushkin, DEC’s executive deputy commissioner, will run the department for the remainder of Paterson’s term, which expires in January.

Pete Grannis
Pete Grannis

Even before the firing of Grannis, green activists had roundly criticized Paterson over cuts to environmental programs.

“It’s a terrible punctuation mark to an awful administration,” said Adirondack Council spokesman John Sheehan. “We hope that they don’t do any more damage before they go out the door.”

Sheehan said he does not accept the administration’s contention that all the cuts are necessary in light of the state’s fiscal crisis. He contended that Paterson “savaged the environmental budget” at the same time he increased overall state spending.

Sheehan and Neil Woodworth, executive director of the Adirondack Mountain Club, both praised Grannis. “We had our differences with him, but by and large Pete Grannis has done an excellent job,” Woodworth said.

Woodworth added that Iwanowicz and Grushkin also have strong credentials.

Following is the full text of a news release issued jointly by several environmental groups:

(ALBANY, NY)—State lawmakers, environmental, conservation, and public health organizations today attacked Governor Paterson for the reckless  termination of New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Commissioner Alexander B. “Pete” Grannis. Governor Eliot Spitzer appointed Grannis to lead New York’s primary environmental agency in 2007. The groups are calling for Paterson to reinstate Grannis and for the next governor to provide the DEC with resources necessary to responsibly safeguard New York’s environment.

Press reports suggest that Pete Grannis was fired in response to the leak of an internal memo (LINK that reveals how the latest round of proposed budget and staff cuts will imperil the DEC’s ability to monitor air and water pollution, clean up toxic oil and chemical spills, and keep an eye on out hazardous waste disposal and storage, among dozens of other critical functions. Staff and budget cuts also mean that new businesses moving to New York State must wait years for necessary permits and regulatory approvals, while polluters have little fear of enforcement and often escape regulatory oversight. According to the memo:

*     Agency was told to lay off 209 staff, on top of 260 early retirement incentive approvals this year. This leaves the agency with 2,926 staff, a 23 percent reduction from 2007-08.

*     The DEC is bearing 10 percent of all state layoffs, although the agency only accounts for 2.5 percent of the total state workforce.

*     In the last 2.5 years, the agency has lost 595 employees, 16 percent of its workforce.

*     The DEC’s non-personal services budget (travel and equipment for inspections, oil clean ups) has been cut in half from 2007-08 to 2010-11.

*     In 2007-08, the Spitzer Administration increased staff levels at the DEC and added 108 for a total of 3,775.

“The firing of Department of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Pete Grannis is one more in a long series of examples of the Paterson administration’s open hostility to the environment. It is obvious that the performance of Commissioner Grannis was anything but poor. He performed his duty as New York’s environmental caretaker with diligence, clarity and fearlessness. Commissioner Grannis stood firm against proposals to cut the DEC to nearly the lowest levels in its history, and he paid for it. Today we honor his courage to stand up for our water, land and air and to be a staunch advocate for his agency,” Assemblyman Robert Sweeney, Chair of the Assembly Environmental Conservation Committee.  

“Commissioner Pete Grannis was fired for sounding the alarm and because the truth came out about the Department of Environmental Conservation. Budget cuts and staff attrition have pushed the agency to the brink. Instead of rising to the challenge and working to address these serious issues, the Governor’s reaction was to fire the one person holding it all together. This wrong-headed move will cost New Yorkers dearly.  A functional DEC is essential for the protection of our air and water quality and right now the agency is struggling to meet its responsibilities.  We are seeing it locally with a permitting bottleneck further delaying responsible developments.  Looking ahead, even if hydrofracking was safe, DEC does not even come remotely close to having the resources to enforce drilling regulations,” said Assemblyman Kevin Cahill, Chair of the Assembly Energy Committee.

“PEF/encon, Division 169 of the Public Employees Federation, representing the 1700 (and rapidly diminishing Professional, Scientific and Technical Staff at NYSDEC), calls on the Governor to reinstate Commissioner Pete Grannis immediately. DEC is in turmoil as it is with drastically reduced staff at a time when there are numerous critically important environmental issues needing to be dealt with that have the potential for serious harm to public health and  safety if not handled professionally and competently. We find it abhorrent that a Commissioner was fired without even the pretense of due process and having a chance to present his side of the story. The issues in the memo released to the public are not new to the professional staff–we have been telling the legislature  and Governor for years that our staff shortages are resulting in drive-by inspections and triage management. It is almost criminal for the Governor and Legislature to pretend that this agency can fulfill its mission, statutory and regulatory responsibilities,” said Wayne Bayer, PEF/encon Executive Board and Shop Steward.

“Firing Pete Grannis is the Paterson Administration’s final insult to New York’s environment. The Governor has been tearing the Department of Environmental Conservation limb from limb over the last few years and now they’ve cut off its head,” said Rob Moore, Executive Director, Environmental Advocates of New York. “We’re calling on Governor Paterson to reinstate Pete Grannis and we’re calling on the next governor to responsibly provide resources to the agency and protect our shared environment.”

“The Governor’s systematic dismantling of the DEC is reckless—critically endangering human and environmental health. One would think Governor Paterson has lost his mind,” said Susan Lawrence, Sierra Club Atlantic Chapter Chair. “To fire such a dedicated, loyal DEC Commissioner as Pete, who held together this decimated agency, Paterson has clearly lost his heart as well. It will take years to repair the damage Paterson has done to New York’s environment.”

“The firing of Pete Grannis is a sad punctuation on the dismal environmental record of the Paterson Administration,” said Adirondack Council Executive Director Brian L. Houseal. “We have seen cuts to staff, slashing of the Environmental Protection Fund, and a proposal to end land protection. The Adirondack Council applauds the efforts of Commissioner Grannis to protect the environment during his tenure and his truthfulness about what additional cuts would do to DEC’s critical functions. We wish Pete the best in the future and hope this administration, which is openly hostile to the environment, does not do any further damage in its final days.”

“The dismissal of Peter Grannis, a multi-decadal environmental statesman, is an act of political timidity and gutlessness reflecting an unwillingness to address the systematic fiscal challenges engulfing the State as well as a disregard for long-term environmental protection and health,” said Jim Tripp, General Counsel, Environmental Defense Fund. 

“Commissioner Grannis worked for the people of New York. He served them well by telling the truth about how devasting budget cuts are putting air and water quality at risk. Governor Paterson’s act of firing Pete Grannis betrayed New Yorkers’ strong support for environmental protection and a transparent and accountable government,” said Curtis Fisher, Regional Executive Director, National Wildlife Federation.

“When someone like Pete Grannis, who worked at the DEC in the early 1970’s and championed environmental laws in the State Legislature for thirty years before serving as commissioner, says that the agency is at its weakest point in history and that critical environmental programs are ‘hanging on a thread,’ people ought to listen. Instead, Governor Paterson fired him,” said Laura Haight, NYPIRG’s senior environmental associate. “This is just another example of an Administration more interested in enforcing its ill-informed and heavy handed agenda than looking out for the public’s interests.”

“Pete Grannis has spent his life fighting for clean air,” said Scott T. Santarella, President and CEO of the American Lung Association in New York. “As an assemblyman and as DEC Commissioner, he has led air quality and tobacco control efforts which have helped New Yorkers breathe easier. The Lung Association calls on the state of New York to follow Pete’s legacy by restoring much needed funds to DEC and refocusing its resources on cleaning the air we breathe.”

“The Governor just sent a chilling and frightening message to every government employee—tell the truth and you will get fired. The disproportionate cuts to the DEC will have dramatic ramifications to every New Yorker. Protecting drinking water, air quality, cleaning up toxic waste site and protecting surface waters are necessities not luxury items. Managing a budget deficit isn’t an excuse to endanger the health and welfare of New Yorkers,” said Adrienne Esposito, Executive Director of Citizens Campaign for the Environment.

“Pete Grannis has been a steadfast champion for conservation for decades, and it’s a shame that the Paterson Administration’s assault on the environment has claimed another strong advocate,” said Albert E. Caccese Executive Director of Audubon New York.  “This continued dismantling of the DEC by Governor Paterson and Larry Schwartz is leaving the state handicapped to protect its citizens, birds and other wildlife from emerging environmental threats, and it is our hope that the next administration reverses this wrongheaded strategy.”

“Pete Grannis has long been an environmental leader in New York,” said Richard Schrader, New York Legislative Director at the Natural Resources Defense Council. “As the head of the state environmental agency, he helped to create a landmark recycling program for electronics, invested in green jobs, and promoted smart growth in our communities. Commissioner Grannis is right – the dangerously understaffed agency has been badly injured by incessant, disproportionate budget cuts and in turn, so has New York’s environment. These deep cuts are among the many reasons the state cannot move forward on risky endeavors like gas drilling – an issue the next administration will need to confront head-on.”

“The ongoing disproportionate targeting of  this agency for cuts and the Commissioner’s firing serve only unscrupulous companies that benefit from lack of oversight at the expense of the public’s health and welfare,” said Kathy Curtis, Policy Director of Clean New York. “Commissioner Grannis should be reinstated immediately and no more cuts should be made to the Agency.”

Prior to his time as DEC Commissioner, Pete Grannis served as a member of the State Assembly for decades representing the Upper East Side of Manhattan. 

Earlier this month, conservation and environmental groups called on Governor David Paterson to stop anticipated staff cuts at the DEC. According to published reports, 209 staff layoffs have been ordered by the end of the year. Coupled with staff lost to retirement incentives and budget cuts, the latest round of layoffs will reduce agency staff to the lowest levels since the 1980’s, with serious consequences for the DEC’s ability to respond to environmental hazards, not to mention critical routine functions such as monitoring air and water pollution.

The agency is responsible for providing oversight for air and water quality, open space, forests, wetlands, gas and oil drilling, hazardous waste, hunting and fishing, invasive species eradication, dam safety, and many other programs. The wellbeing of all New Yorkers depends on the DEC to enforce existing environmental laws.

The layoffs are in addition to other budget cuts for non-personal services such as travel and equipment for inspections and testing for chemicals such as pesticides. With resources for these critical activities cut in half since the 2007-08 budget year, the agency can only afford to respond to 150 oil spills rather than the annual average of 350. 

The organizations calling on the Governor include The Adirondack Council, American Lung Association in New York, Audubon New York, Citizens Campaign for the Environment, Clean New York, Earthjustice, Environmental Advocates of New York, Environmental Defense Fund, Environmental Justice Action Group of WNY, Huntington Breast Cancer Action Coalition, National Wildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council, New York Public Interest Research Group, Pace Energy & Climate Center, Prevention is the Cure, and Sierra Club – Atlantic Chapter.


About Phil Brown

Phil Brown edited the Adirondack Explorer from 1999 until his retirement in 2018. He continues to explore the park and to write for the publication and website.

Reader Interactions


  1. No Grannis says

    Pete Grannis was the most unqualified Environmental Conservation Commissioner in the history of our state. He was an embarrassment to Upstate NY, having a downstate liberal who lives in a jungle of asphalt and concrete, telling us Upstate how to conserve our lands, as if we didn’t already know.

    Thousands of sportsmen and other signed a petition saying no to his brand of extremism. It’s good that he’s gone now, it’s unfortunate that the Senate Republicans didn’t say a clear NO to his nomination.

  2. Phil says

    Since my original post, the environmental groups have issued a news release condemning the ouster of Grannis. I appended the full text to the end of the post.

  3. Don Sage says

    Bravo to Governor Paterson. Finally we are rid of the idiot who refuses to reopen all 300 illegally closed roads, refuses to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Law, would destroy all wildlife habitat, continues to ban access to state lands, would murder our native brook trout into extinction, bans the harvesting of wood rather than eradicate a threatening insect pest, bans the use of wood furnaces for producing hot water and heat to homes, would close the game farms and hatcheries, and destroy all conservation, wise use, management of our natural resources. Now if Governor Paterson would just fire all 3,000 DEC employees not directly involved with fisheries, wildlife, and active management of all forest lands, including forest preserve, for timber and other forest products. Also fire everyone associated with the criminal and terroristic APA and abolish this worthless agency.

  4. Clydewoman says

    I fully agee with Don Sage’s message.

    Mr. Grannis has changed DEC into a POLICE agency as their vehicles now are identified. Let the workers/officers go back to enforcing the fish and game laws and do what DEC is supposed to be doing.

  5. blackpowderbill says

    I have not verified this as of this posting!!!


    Yea well if Grannis was bad, what about this latest tidbit?

    New DEC Commissioner fill-in~ Who is Peter Iwanowicz?

    NYSCC President Cushing has been in contact with the newly-appointed DEC Commissioner, Peter Iwanowicz, and has discussed issues concerning sportsmen with him. A follow-up meeting is scheduled for later this week at the DEC office in Albany. If you have any concerns that you would like addressed in upcoming meetings, please contact” Howie


    check out my blog for Peter’s bio~



  6. Bill Starr says

    Pete Grannis was your man Phil this is apparent, but why?

    Obviously it was because he was your go-to-guy in the legislature whenever the green groups wanted a piece of legislation introduced. When Eliot Spitzer put together a special committee to search out a new DEC commissioner it was clear that Grannis was the over all favorite from the beginning.

    Yet there was a convenient delay in Grannis taking office allowing time for this special committee, made up almost entirely of environmentalists, to begin introducing new procedures within DEC.

    You’re not satisfied with having control over the APA by inserting environmentalists into that agency, you want control over DEC as well. This way you have all of the bases covered to help ensure that the green group’s desired policies for the Adirondack Park become state policies too.


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